literary periods and new digital worlds

‘Why literary periods mattered’ explains changes of understanding periodical study in literature. Traditionally, literary study focused on periodization to understand literary works, but nowadays as focus on study moves toward on social aspect, this way of studying literature has changed. According to this article, poets of Romanticism era tried to suggest discontinuity of history and this contrasted with the concept of continuity of history in enlistment movement. From this idea, the article explains how a continuous history in model of collective mind has changed toward discontinuous historic model. The idea of Foucault’s discontinuous history would be meaningful in that sense, as Foucault also negated master narrative which has been asserted by modern historicists. From this perspective of postmodern theory, the writer says that using digital humanities would work well with the view of fragmented history. Distant reading and quantitative reading would be meaningful for that reason. Personally, with the help of digital technology, we would be able to analyze literary works with various tools, and examine them in a different way. However, we should be always conscious of reading the meaning of the text through close reading, because literary study is different from scientific point of view toward the knowledge.

‘New Digital Worlds’ deals with the issue of how postcolonial study can be correlated with digital humanities. As to postcolonial digital humanities, it tries to deal with question of global relation through technological mediation. This study of global issue is correlated with various aspects including corporate interest, academic field, cultural and racial issues. Through this use of postcolonial digital humanities, studies on canonical writing or historical stuffs can be examined differently, because many literary works are archived in websites. Conceptualizing the world through technology was meaningful, because through this work, digital humanities can resist against the idea of colonial discourse. Especially, the article states that the focus on Global North moves toward Global South, and local aspects by using digital humanities. I think with the help of technological development, many people around the world would be able to access to data much easier than the past. For this reason, information archived in Global North could have been disseminated to other society in different regions, and this has allowed people around the world to enage in issues of the wolrd in a convenient and democratic way.